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Arrivals — KUGLER Ancestors
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There is a pattern of sorts in these arrivals. First the Dutch (1624) came to New Netherland, followed closely in time by Puritans (1630–1657) headed for Massachusetts Bay Colony. Then the Quakers (1682–1693) to Penn's new colony and the adjacent colony of West New Jersey, and last the Germans (1732–1752), who also went to Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Ancestors' names are in teal. For each immigrant and his wife I have mentioned the child from whom you are descended.
1624. Catalina TRICAULT/TRICO (c1607–1689), a French-speaking teenager from the village of Pry in the Spanish Netherlands (today's Belgium), and Joris RAPAREILLET/RAPALJE (c1606–1662), a textile worker from Valenciennes, French Flanders, were among the first settlers of the new colony of New Netherland. They had been married on 21 Jan 1624, four days before their ship, the Eendracht (usually translated as "Unity" or "Concord") began its voyage from Amsterdam to the New World. They were first settled at Fort Orange (now Albany), then moved to Manhattan, where their daughter Judith Joris RAPALJE (1635–1726) was probably born. Eventually they lived on a farm in Breuckelen (Brooklyn).1 Catalina, Joris and Judith are ancestors of Mary Martin, Edwin Brown ("Big Doc") Kugler's maternal grandmother.
1630. In November 1629 Thomas PETTIT (c1610–1690) of Widford, Essex, England, near London, married Christian ?????? (1611–1665). Four months later they sailed on the ship Talbot, which left England in March 1630 and after more than three months at sea arrived at Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony early in July 1630. The Talbot was part of a group of ships carrying more than 700 settlers led by Governor John Winthrop. The colonists soon moved from Salem to a small peninsula nearby, where they founded the town of Boston. After a religious disagreement2 with the Puritan leaders, a group of settlers3, including Thomas Pettit, moved to what is today New Hampshire and founded the town of Exeter, where Thomas's son Nathaniel PETTIT (c1645–?1718) was probably born. Thomas later moved his family to Newtown, Long Island, which was still part of New Netherland. Newtown is now called Elmhurst; it is in New York City's borough of Queens near LaGuardia Airport. The Pettits are ancestors of Eliza Rittenhouse, who married James Kugler, Big Doc's great-grandfather.
1637. Edward M HARNETT Jr (1618–1700), an apprentice tailor, set sail in 1637 from Sandwich, Kent, England, aboard the ship Hercules, arriving at Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony. The next year, he sent for his parents Edward M HARNETT Sr (c1598–1658) and Sysley PARRAMOR (b c1595). About 1648 Edward Jr married Elizabeth PORTER (c1620–1670) of Salem. After Edward Sr's death, Edward and Elizabeth, apparently closet Quakers in a Puritan society, moved with a group of other probable Quakers to recently-founded Huntington, Long Island. Edward lived there for the rest of his life, as did his son, Jonathan HARNETT/HARNED (1650–1714). The Harneds, as the name came to be spelled, are also ancestors of Eliza Rittenhouse.
before 1657. Richard BRAY (d 1665) married Mary ?????? (d c1724), perhaps in England. It is thought that Richard and Mary Bray probably came from southwest England, where the Bray surname is most common. In 1657 Richard first appears in New Hampshire (then part of Massachusetts) records. Richard and Mary's son, John BRAY Sr (c1664–1716) was born at Exeter, MA (now NH). In Oct 1665 Richard was killed in an Indian raid. After Richard's death Mary married Thomas Seabrook (who owned property adjacent to Richard Bray's) and they then moved to Westchester, NY. (Although there continues to be a Westchester County in New York, the site of the old village of Westchester has been swallowed up by the Bronx.) After Thomas also was killed by Indians Mary married Thomas Whitlock, and went with him to Monmouth Co, NJ. The Brays are Rittenhouse ancestors.
1682. After William Penn was granted the colony of Pennsylvania by King Charles II, Penn induced 23 shiploads of settlers, mostly Quakers or "Friends", to journey to the New World with him. One of the ships in Penn's "fleet", the Friends Adventure, sailed on a fair wind from Liverpool, England, on 14 July 1682. Among the 39 known passengers on the ship was a yeoman (landowner or freeholder) named William Yardley (1632–1693). On board with William were his wife and three sons, and Andrew HEATH (c1665–1720) of Burslem, Staffordshire, a servant indentured to the Yardleys. Also aboard were a husbandman (farmer) by the name of William Venables, his wife Elizabeth BARRETT, and their two children. After the death of her husband, Elizabeth would become the wife of Andrew Heath. William Yardley settled in Bucks Co, PA, and Andrew Heath also owned land there after he had fulfilled his indenture, and there Andrew and Elizabeth's daughter Elizabeth HEATH (b c1692), was born. About 1700 the Heaths moved to the Trenton area of West New Jersey. They are Rittenhouse ancestors.
1682. In 1677, Thomas HOWELL (1638–1687) received a grant of 3200 acres in the province of West New Jersey. He and his five children, including eldest son Daniel HOWELL (1660–1739) arrived in America in 1682, the same year as William Penn. His wife Katharine THOMAS (1640–1695) remained at the family's estate at Tamworth, Staffordshire/ Warwickshire4. Katherine did not come to the New World until 1690, after her husband's death. The Howells settled on a large plantation in what is now Camden County, NJ. Rittenhouse ancestors.
1685. In Rotterdam, Netherlands, on 16 Aug 1685 Hans Peter UMBSTATT (c1650–c1711), who came from Kriegsheim in the Rhine Valley's Electoral Palatinate, bought 200 acres of land in Germantown, Pennsylvania, sight unseen, from an agent of William Penn. This transaction took place while Umbstatt, a German Quaker, was waiting for "the first good wind" to carry him to Pennsylvania by way of England. Accompanied by his wife, Barbara ?????? (birthdate uncertain) and three children, including Anna Margaretta UMBSTATT (1670–1697), he traveled to Pennsylvania aboard the Francis and Dorothy. The ship landed at Philadelphia in mid-October, 1685, and Umbstatt found himself to be the owner of Lot 13 in Germantown.5 Possible Rittenhouse ancestors.
1687 or 1688. Wilhelm RETTINGHAUSEN (1644–1708) with his Dutch wife, Geertruid KERSTEN PIETERS (1642–1708) and their three children, including Gerhard RETTINGHAUSEN (1674–1742), came to America from Amsterdam, landing at New York and traveling overland to Pennsylvania. Rettinghausen, a Mennonite, was from Mülheim-an-der-Ruhr, Duchy of Berg, "Germany", but he was living in the Netherlands at the time of his emigration. After arriving in Pennsylvania, he bought Lot 19 in Germantown. He had learned the trade of papermaking, and became the first papermaker in the English colonies.6 Wilhelm Rettinghausen is the great-great-great-great grandfather of Eliza Rittenhouse.
before 1693. Charles WOOLVERTON (c1660–c1746) was born in England, but it is uncertain just where. There are conflicting stories regarding Charles's immigration to America. Some accounts say that he sailed from Dorsetshire, which is on the southern coast of England, on the English Channel. One story has him coming with two brothers, named John and Gabriel, and says that they went first to Long Island. Another family historian states that Charles, a Quaker, came to the New World in 1682 with William Penn when Penn made his first visit to his new colony, but there is no record of this. At any rate, Charles was in the Philadelphia area about 1693, and then moved across the Delaware River to Burlington Co, New Jersey. About 1696 he married Mary ?????? (1674–1751), and they had at least nine children, including Dennis WOLVERTON (1709–1774). In 1714 the family moved to Hunterdon Co, NJ.7 Rittenhouse ancestors.
1732. Peter (1710–1767) and Barbara (d after 1767) SCHMIDT and two or three children [it is not known whether their third child, George Michael SMITH (c1732–1814), was born in Europe, in America, or at sea] arrived in Philadelphia on 17 Oct 1732. The family had traveled from the German Palatinate to Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and then sailed for America (via Dover, England) aboard the pink8 John and William. The 169 passengers on the John and William were the last shipload of immigrants to arrive at Philadelphia in the year 1732. The Schmidts lived in Lancaster Co, PA, for a quarter of a century, and then moved to Rowan Co, North Carolina about 1759. They are ancestors of Big Doc's mother, Charlotte ("Muryer") Brown Kugler.
1738. Johann Stephen Christian BRAUN (1702–1763) is said to have been born at Niedermohr, in the Palatinate area of "Germany". He was a blacksmith. In 1730 he married Maria Eva HAMEN/HAMMENN/HAMMANN (1710–after 1763) at Ruschberg, her home town. Stephen and Maria Eva lived at Ruschberg until they emigrated to America. Palatinate archives show that in 1738 Stephan BRAUN of Ruschberg left for "Carolina". Accompanied by four children, including Johann Michael BRAUN (1732–1807), Stephen and Maria Eva disembarked at Philadelphia from the ship Glasgow on 9 September 1738. The Glasgow had sailed from Rotterdam, the Netherlands, made a stop at Cowes, on the Isle of Wight, England, and landed with 349 passengers and a crew of eight. Like the Schmidts, the Brauns settled first in Lancaster Co, PA, and then moved to Rowan Co, NC, about 1759, perhaps together with the Schmidts. The Brauns, who later intermarried with the Schmidts, are also ancestors of Big Doc's mother; in fact, her maiden name (and Big Doc's middle name), Brown, is the Americanized version of Braun.
1752. Johannes KUGLER (1728–1812) was born at Altenberg, Duchy of Württemberg, "Germany". I can't find Altenberg on the map, but I believe it to have been a tiny village near the larger town of Rötenberg (which I did find in an atlas), at the edge of the city of Stuttgart. I know nothing of Johannes Kugler's ancestry or his life before 1752. Early that year, when he would have been 23 years of age, he was among the seven single men and women, ages 19 to 30, plus five families, recorded in the Rötenberg Kirchenbuch ("Church Book", or parish record) as leaving for "the faraway British island of Pennsylvania", as it is charmingly described in some records. Stuttgart is on the Neckar, a picturesque, winding but navigable river that flows past vineyards and castles before joining the Rhine at Mannheim. The emigres probably traveled down the Neckar and then the Rhine by riverboat, eventually arriving at Rotterdam, Netherlands, the port at the river's mouth. There, Johannes and the others boarded the ship Duke of Wirtenburg. In Philadelphia, on Friday, 20 Oct 1752, Johannes and 142 other passengers were required to sign oaths of allegiance to Pennsylvania and the English Crown. It is not known where Johannes was or what he did for the next six years after his arrival. In 1758 he was in Hunterdon Co, NJ, and married Susanna WORTHINGTON. They lived in Kingwood Twp, Hunterdon Co, and there their son, John KUGLER Jr (c1777–1847) was born. John Jr is Big Doc's great-great-grandfather.
1 See Russell Shorto, The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America, Vintage Books (Div of Random House, Inc), NY, 2005.
2 This was the "antinomian controversy", which pitted the Puritan leadership (headed by John Winthrop), who insisted that obedience to moral law was necessary for salvation, against a group led by Anne Hutchinson, who claimed that redemption could be realized through faith alone. She was banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony and went to Rhode Island. Later she moved to New Netherland, where she and most of her family were massacred by Indians.
3 Led by Reverend John Wheelwright, brother-in-law of Anne Hutchinson.
4 The boundary between Staffordshire and Warwickshire passed through the town. I don't know where the Howell estate lay in relation to this line.
5 See Cris Hueneke, "Umstead Family Genealogy" at umstead.org.
6 See James Green, The Rittenhouse Mill and the Beginnings of Papermaking in America, The Library Company of Philadelphia and Friends of Historic RittenhouseTown, 1990.
7 See David A Macdonald and Nancy N McAdams, The Woolverton Family, 1693–1850 and Beyond: Woolverton and Wolverton Descendants of Charles Woolverton, New Jersey Immigrant, Penobscot Press, Rockport, ME, 2001.
8 A type of sailing vessel with a narrow overhanging stern.
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